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NOTES, BY THEME

ANAESTHETIC FUNDAMENTALS

AIRWAY MANAGEMENT

Airway anatomy
Airway assessment
Airway bleeding 
Airway fire
Airway investigations
Airway safety in recovery
Airway topicalisation
Airway trauma
Can’t intubate can’t oxygenate (CICO)
Complications of extubation
Cormack-Lehane grade
Critical airway obstruction
Difficult airway equipment
Endobronchial intubation
Extubation criteria
Fibreoptic intubation
Intubation
Jet ventilation
Nasal intubation
Oesopheal intubation
Optimisation for extubation
Perioperative upper airway obstruction
Preoxygenation
Rapid sequence induction
Smooth emergence & extubation
The shared airway
Throat packs

ANAESTHETIC PROCEDURES

Arterial cannulation
Central venous cannulation
Emergency thoracocentesis
Intercostal catheter insertion
Nasogastric tube insertion
Percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy
Pericardiocentesis
Procedural skills
Pulmonary artery catheterisation
Ultrasound for vascular access
Urinary catheterisation
Vascular access

CRISIS MANAGEMENT, RESUSCITATION & FLUID MANAGEMENT

Abdominal sepsis 
Acid-base abnormalities
Acute cardiac arrhythmias & conduction abnormalities
Acute hypertension
Acute pulmonary oedema 
Acute respiratory distress syndrome & acute lung injury (ARDS/ALI)
Air embolism
Amniotic fluid embolism
Anaesthesia equipment failure
Anaphylaxis
Aortic dissection
Aspiration
Blood management
Bronchospasm 
Cardiac arrest & collapse
Cardiac defibrillation
Cardiac tamponade
Cardiogenic shock
Cemented implant syndrome
Clinical assessment of shock
Crisis management resources
Distributive shock
Electrical power failure
Electrolyte abnormalities 
Emergency surgery
Failure to wake
Fat embolism syndrome
Focussed cardiac echocardiography
Gas embolism
Gastrointestinal bleeding
Gastrointestinal ischaemia
Gastrointestinal obstruction
Gastrointestinal perforation
Goal-directed therapy
Haemorrhagic shock
High airway pressures 
High spinal
Hyper/hypocalcaemia 
Hyper/hypoglycaemia  
Hyper/hypokalaemia 
Hyper/hypomagnesaemia 
Hypercapnoea
Hypernatraemia
HyperOsmolar Non-Ketotic state
Hypocapnoea
Hyponatremia & hypo-osmolality
Hypotension 
Hypothermia
Hypovolaemic shock
Hypoxia
Inotropes & inodilators
Intra-arterial injection
Intravenous fluid prescription
Investigation of drug allergies 
Investigation of shock
Ischaemic preconditioning
Ischemic gut
Laryngospasm
Local anaesthetic toxicity
Major haemorrhage
Malignant hyperthermia
Management of shock
Massive haemoptysis 
Massive transfusion
Metabolic acidosis
Myocardial ischaemia & infarction
Neurogenic shock
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Non-invasive ventilation
Obstructive shock
Oesophageal obstruction 
Oesophageal perforation
Oliguria/anuria 
Oncological emergencies
Operating room fire
Pericardial effusion 
Pipeline gas supply failure
Pneumothorax
Prolonged seizures 
Pulmonary embolism
Raised intracranial pressure 
Reduced conscious state
Reperfusion syndromes
Respiratory arrest 
Respiratory failure
Rhabdomyolysis 
Seizures 
Sepsis
Shock
Stroke
Subarachnoid haemorrhage
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)
Tension pneumothorax 
Tetanus 
Thyrotoxic crisis
Transfer of the critically ill
Transfusion reactions

GENERAL ANAESTHESIA & SEDATION

Awareness
Induction techniques
Pneumoperitoneum
Postoperative cognitive decline
PostOperative Nausea & Vomiting (PONV)
Premedication
Residual paralysis
Response surface models
Sedation
Total IntraVenous Anaesthesia (TIVA)
Ventilation strategies

PAIN MANAGEMENT

Acute exacerbation of chronic pain
Alternative therapies for analgesia 
Assessment of acute pain
Chronic pain management
Functional analgesia
Interventional pain procedures
Musculoskeletal pain
Neuropathic pain
NonSteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
Pain assessment
Pain terminology
Persistent post-surgical pain
Postoperative analgesic infusions
Psychosocial factors of pain
Steroids
Wound catheters

REGIONAL ANAESTHESIA

Adjuvant agents for regional anaesthesia
Assessing a regional anaesthetic
Continuous regional techniques
Failed regional anaesthesia
Management of regional anaesthesia
Nerve stimulation for regional anaesthesia
Neuraxial opioids
Patient assessment – regional anaesthesia
Patient information for regional anaesthesia
Post-dural puncture headache
Rational regional anaesthesia selection
Regional anaesthesia practicalities
Sedation for regional anaesthesia

GOOD ANAESTHESIA PRACTICE

PROFESSIONALISM

Accreditation
Adult learning
Advanced care directives
Advocacy
Anaesthesia costs
Bias
Change
Clinical prioritisation
Clinical trial design
Complaints
Confidentiality
Continued medical education
Core statistical concepts
Critical appraisal
Debriefing
Ethical issues in anaesthesia
Ethics committees
Evidence-based medicine
Culturally competent care
Informed consent
Limits of care
Management
Medical ethics
Non-accidental injury
Professional conduct
Risk
Roles in anaesthesia
Scientific enquiry
Social media
Statistical error
Stress management
Suicide
The impaired colleague

SAFETY & QUALITY

Anaesthesia standards
Anastomotic breakdown 
Antibiotic prophylaxis 
Antimicrobial agents
Day care surgery
Determinants of health
Drug safety
Environmental pollution
Equipment check
Equipment standardisation
Fasting guidelines
Formal meetings
Handover responsibilities
Health policy
Iatrogenic injury
Infection control
Monitoring standards
Nosocomial infections
Patient positioning
Post-anaesthesia recovery room
Postoperative care requirements
Quality assurance & quality improvement
Quality healthcare
Safety requirements
Supervision
Surgical infection
Temperature management
The anaesthetic assistant
Tourniquets
Venous thromboembolism 
Ventilator-associated pneumonia
World Health Organisation (WHO) surgical safety checklist
Wound dehiscence

PERIOPERATIVE CARE

INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE

Brain death
Critical illness neuropathy
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Illness severity scoring
Nutritional support
Organ donation
Sedation in the intensive care unit
The critically ill obstetric patient
The long-stay intensive care unit patient
Ventilatory support in the intensive care unit

PERIOPERATIVE MEDICINE

Acromegaly
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
Acute liver failure
Addisonian crisis 
Adrenal disease 
Adrenocortical insufficiency
Alcohol use
Allergy
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification
Anaemia
Ankylosing spondylitis 
Anorexia nervosa 
Anxiety disorders 
Arthritis
Asthma
Autism 
Botulism 
Bowel disease 
Breast disease
Carcinoid disease & syndrome 
Cardiac disease in pregnancy
Cardiomyopathy 
Care pathways
Cerebral palsy
Cerebrovascular disease
Choosing Wisely
Chronic cardiac arrhythmias & conduction abnormalities
Chronic hypertension
Chronic liver disease 
Chronic obstructive airways disease
Chronic renal impairment & dialysis
Chronic steroid use 
Coagulopathy & anticoagulants
Communicable disease
Congenital heart disease
Connective tissue disorders
Croup 
Cushing’s syndrome
Cystic fibrosis 
Depressive disorders
Diabetes mellitus 
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Diastolic dysfunction
Diseases of the oesophagus 
Diseases of the spleen 
Diseases of the stomach 
Disorders of calcium metabolism 
Down syndrome 
Dyspnoea 
Epilepsy 
Ethnic variation
Fontan circulation
Frailty
Functional assessment
Gallbladder disease 
Gastro-oesophageal reflux
Gastrointestinal disorders 
Graft vs. host disease
Guillain-Barre syndrome 
Gynaecological disorders 
Haematological malignancies 
Hepatitis
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Illicit drug use & overdose 
Immunocompromise
Implantable cardiac devices
Ischaemic heart disease 
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction
Liver disease 
Malabsorption syndromes
Mediastinal masses
Medication management
Meningitis & encephalitis
Multiple sclerosis 
Muscular dystrophies, myopathies & myotonias
Myasthenia gravis & myasthenic syndrome  
Obesity 
Oncological disease
Pancreatic diseases
Parkinson’s disease  
Patient assessment – history & examination
Patient assessment – investigation
PeriOperative Surgical Home (POSH) 
Peripheral vascular disease 
Phaeochromocytoma 
Pituitary disease
Pneumonia
Porphyria 
Post-transplant patient 
Prehabilitation
Pseudocholinesterase deficiency 
Psychosis
Pulmonary hypertension
Quinsy 
Renal & urinary tract disease 
Renal replacement therapy
Respiratory infection
Restrictive lung disease 
Rheumatoid arthritis
Right ventricular systolic dysfunction
Shunts
Sleep apnoea 
Smoking
Stress response
Tetralogy of Fallot 
Thrombocytopaenia
Thyroid disease 
Tuberculosis 
Urinary tract infection 
Valvular heart disease  
Vena cava obstruction
Vomiting

TRAUMA

Abdominal trauma
Altitude sickness 
Aortic trauma
Burns
Chemical burns
Chest drains & drainage systems 
Chest trauma
Corrosive ingestion 
Crush injury
Decompression syndromes
Disaster management protocol
Drowning
Electrical burns & electrocution
Envenomation 
Facial fractures
Flail chest 
Inhalational injury
Long bone fractures
Myocardial contusion
Near drowning 
Obstetric trauma
Paediatric trauma
Pelvic fractures 
Primary trauma survey
Pulmonary contusion 
Resuscitative thoracotomy
Secondary brain injury
Spinal cord injury
Thoracic trauma
Tracheobronchial injury
Trauma history
Trauma immobilisation
Trauma preparation
Traumatic aortic disruption 
Traumatic brain injury 

SPECIALTY PATIENT GROUPS

OBSTETRICS

Abnormal placental implantation 
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy 
Antepartum haemorrhage 
Assisted vaginal birth 
Breech delivery
Categorising caesarean urgency
Cholestasis associated with pregnancy
Cord prolapse 
Foetal death in utero
Foetal monitoring
Gestational diabetes 
Haemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelets syndrome (HELLP syndrome)
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
Intrauterine resuscitation
Labour analgesia
Maternal mortality
Multiple gestation 
Patient assessment – obstetric patient
Peripartum cardiomyopathy 
Post-partum haemorrhage
Premature labour 
Progression of labour
Rhesus isoimmunisation
Shoulder dystocia 
Uterine rupture 
Vaginal Birth After Caesarean section (VBAC) 

PAEDIATRICS

Paediatric development 
Paediatric induction techniques
Paediatric neurophysiology
Patient assessment – paediatric patient
Prematurity & ex-premature infants 
Pyloric stenosis

SURGICAL SPECIALTIES

ANAESTHESIA IN OUTSIDE AREAS

Electro-convulsive therapy
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) safety
Radiation safety

CARDIAC SURGERY, INTERVENTIONAL CARDIOLOGY

Aortic dissection repair
Cardiac anatomy
Cardiac herniation
Cardiopulmonary bypass
Complications of cardiac surgery
Complications of interventional cardiological procedures
Coronary artery bypass
Deep hypothermic cardiac arrest
Re-do cardiac surgery
Weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass

GENERAL SURGERY, UROLOGY, GYNAECOLOGY, ENDOSCOPY

Abnormal gastrointestinal anatomy
The acute abdomen

HEAD & NECK, EAR, NOSE & THROAT, DENTAL SURGERY

Induced hypotension
Maxillary/mandibular osteotomies
Post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage 

NEUROSURGERY, NEURORADIOLOGY

Cerebral blood flow
Cerebral salt wasting
Cerebral vasospasm
Diabetes insipidus
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)
Intracranial pressure
Neuroanatomy
Neuroimaging
Neurological examination
Neuropharmacology

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Intraocular gas
Intraocular pressure
Ocular perfusion
Ocular reflexes
Ophthalmological pharmacology
Orbital anatomy

ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY

Compartment syndrome
Orthopaedic emergencies

PLASTIC SURGERY, BURNS

Tissue flap perfusion
Tissue flaps

THORACIC SURGERY

Bronchopleural fistula
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction
One-lung ventilation
Pulmonary torsion 
Thoracic anaesthesia anatomy
Thoracic anaesthesia physiology
Thoracic bleeding

VASCULAR SURGERY, INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY

Aortic cross clamping
Endovascular vs. open vascular surgery
Spinal cord ischaemia & protection
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